 Surface Area of a Regular Pyramid How to find the surface area of a regular pyramid: definition of a pyramid and its parts, formula, proof, examples, and its solution.

Pyramid This shape is called a pyramid. A pyramid has one base and a vertex.

The height is the distance
between the base's plane and the vertex. The lateral faces of a prism are the faces
that are not the base.

Regular Pyramid A regular pyramid is a pyramid
whose base is a regular polygon. The height of a regular pyramid
meets with the center of the base. The slant height of a regular pyramid
is the height of the lateral face.

Formula A = B + (1/2)Phs

A: surface area of a regular pyramid
B: base area
P: perimeter of the base
hs: slant height of the regular pyramid

(1/2)Phs: lateral area

Proof Draw the net of a regular pyramid.
Set the side of the base as a.

The base area is B.

See the lateral faces in the net.
Each lateral face is a triangle
whose base is a.

For an n-gon base,
there are n of those triangles.

So P = an.

The lateral area is formed by n of triangles.
So the lateral area is (1/2)ahsn.

Area of a triangle

Then A = B + (1/2)ahsn.

P = an

So A = B + (1/2)Phs.

Example To use the formula,
find B, P and hs.

To find hs,
draw a right triangle
that includes the height and the slant height.

It's legs are 5 (= 10/2) and 12.
So this is a (5, 12, 13) triangle.

So hs = 13.

B = 102 = 100

Area of a square

P = 10⋅4 = 40

B = 100, P = 40, hs = 13

A = 100 + (1/2)⋅40⋅13