# Segments Formed by Two Intersecting Secants

How to solve the segments formed by two intersecting secants problems: formula, proof, example, and its solution.

## Formula

(purple)⋅(dark purple) = (blue)⋅(dark blue)

(purple), (dark purple): segments from a secant

(blue), (dark blue): segments from the other secant

## Proof

Draw the green arc

and two additional white chords like above.

The red angles are the inscribed angle

of the green intercepted arc.

So the red angles are congruent.

Draw the red dot angle

at the intersecting point of the secants.

See these two triangles.

These two have two pairs of congruent angles.

So, by the AA similarity,

these two triangles are similar triangles.

So the corresponding sides are proportional:

(ratio of the longest sides) = (ratio of the shortest sides).

Similarity of sides in triangles

Then (purple)⋅(dark purple) = (blue)⋅(dark blue).

Proportion

## Example

[*x*, (*x* + 3)] and [4, (4 + 6)]*x*(*x* + 3) = 4(4 + 6)

Solve the quadratic equation by factoring.

Then *x* = -8 and 5.

But *x* ≠ 8.

(∵ *x* > 0)←'∵' means 'because'.

So *x* = 5.