Conditional Statement: Hypothesis and Conclusion

Conditional Statement: Hypothesis and Conclusion

How to find the hypothesis and conclusion of a conditional statement: structure, examples, and their solutions.

Structure

If hypothesis (p), then conclusion (q).

pq is the conditional statement.

It means 'If p, then q'.

p is the hypothesis.
q is the conclusion.

Conditional statement: truth value

Example 1

Find the hypothesis (p) and the conclusion (q) for the given statement: If 2 is a prime number, then 2 is an odd number.

Recall 'if p, then q'.

Hypothesis (p): 2 is a prime number.

Conclusion (q): 2 is an odd number.

Example 2

Find the hypothesis (p) and the conclusion (q) for the given statement: If he is not in his room, then he is playing basketball.

Recall 'if p, then q'.

Hypothesis (p): He is not in his room.

Conclusion (q): He is playing basketball.

Example 3

Find the hypothesis (p) and the conclusion (q) for the given statement: I'll call you, if it's raining.

The order of p and q can change like this.
Just remember 'if p' and '(then) q'.

Hypothesis (p): It's raining.

Conclusion (q): I'll call you.